There are two species of turkey: the wild turkey being native to North America (the heavier of the two), and the Ocellated Turkey being native to Central America. Adult male wild turkeys have a small, featherless, reddish head; a red throat in males; long reddish-orange to grayish-blue legs; and a black body. Fleshy growths called caruncles sprout from their heads. Red wattles exist on the throat and neck and are exclusive to males.Turkeys are very cautious birds and will fly or run at the sign of danger. They are omnivorous, foraging on the ground or climbing shrubs and small trees to eat. They prefer eating hard mast such as nuts, various trees, seeds, berries, roots, and insects.